CONFESSIONS

What We Believe & Teach


Christ Church is a "confessional" church. That means we "confess" to believe an historic doctrinal statement called a "confession" that many other churches have subscribed to for hundreds of years. Our confession of faith is the Westminster 1646, which we hold to with a few exceptions.


Because we live in a postmodern age where truth is thought to be malleable and definitions elastic, we have further taken certain positions, along with our denomination, which are called "memorials". These memorials are intended to make our position known on contemporary hot topics like education, creation, the interrelationship between government and the church, as well as others.



https://reformed.org/documents/wcf_with_proofs/


CREEDS

Creeds


The Apostles' Creed (2nd century) 

I believe in God the Father Almighty; Maker of heaven and earth, and in Jesus Christ, his only begotten Son, our Lord. He was conceived by the Holy Ghost and born of the virgin, Mary. He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried. He descended into Hades. On the third day He rose again from the dead, ascended into Heaven, and sits at the right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence He will come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost, the holy catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.


Nicean Creed; Constantinople (381 AD) 


I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible; and in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, begotten of His Father before all worlds, God of God, Light of Light, very God of very God, begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father; by whom all things were made; who for us men and for our salvation came down from Heaven, and was incarnate by the Holy Ghost of the virgin, Mary, and was made man; and was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate; He suffered and was buried; and the third day He rose again according to the Scriptures, and ascended into Heaven, and sits on the right hand of the Father; and He shall come again, with glory, to judge both the living and the dead; whose kingdom shall have no end. And I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord, and Giver of Life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son; who with the Father and the Son together is worshiped and glorified; who spoke by the Prophets. And I believe one holy catholic and apostolic Church; acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins; and I look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen.


Definition of Chalcedon (451 AD) 


Following, then, the holy fathers, we unite in teaching all men to confess the one and same Son, our Lord Jesus Christ. This selfsame one is perfect both in deity and in humanity; truly God and truly man, with a rational soul and a body; consubstantial with the Father according to His deity, and consubstantial with us according to the humanity; like us in all respects, sin only excepted. Before the ages He was begotten of the Father, according to the deity, and in these last days, for us and for our salvation, He was born of Mary the virgin, who is Godbearer according to His humanity; one and the same Christ, Son, Lord, only-begotten, to be acknowledge in two natures; without confusing them, without interchanging them, without dividing them, and without separating them; the distinction of natures by no means taken away by the union, but the properties of each nature being preserved, and concurring in one Person and one subsistence; not parted or divided into two persons, but one and the same only-begotten Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, as from the beginning the prophets have declared concerning Him, and the Lord Jesus Christ Himself has taught us, and the symbol of the fathers has handed down to us.

EXCEPTIONS

Exceptions to the Westminster Confession


While we agree with the doctrines of the Westminster Confession of Faith, we do not always agree with how those doctrines are supported with the Scripture proof texts which the Westminster Divines cited.

Exceptions to:


Chapter I - Of the Holy Scripture

Chapter VII - Of God's Covenant with Man

Chapter XXI - Of Religious Worship and the Sabbath-Day

Chapter XXIII - Of the Civil Magistrate

Chapter XXIV - Of Marriage and Divorce

Chapter XXV - Of the Church

Chapter XXVII - Of the Sacraments

Chapter XXVIII - Of Baptism



Chapter I - Of the Holy Scriptures 

2. Para. 2 We are unwilling to be dogmatic as to the Pauline authorship of the book of Hebrews. 

3. Para. 8. We believe that the original languages to be consulted in the matters of controversy are Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic.

Chapter VII - Of God's Covenant with Man 

4. Para 2 (cf. Chp. 19, para. 1, 6). While we agree with the original intent of the Westminster Divines, we believe the usage of the phrase "covenant of works" is open to misinterpretation by modern Christians. By way of clarification, we deny that any covenant can be kept without faith, and we affirm that good works flow out of faith in God, and not vice versa.

Chapter XXI - Of Religious Worship and the Sabbath-Day 

5. Para. 8. We believe that along with works of piety, necessity, and mercy, the command also calls us to rest physically on the Sabbath (Gen. 2:2-3; Ex. 16:30; 31:15-17).

Chapter XXIII - Of the Civil Magistrate 

6. Para. 3 -- Delete the last phrase, beginning with "to provide that whatsoever..."

Chapter XXIV - Of Marriage and Divorce 

7. Para 4: Delete the last sentence, which reads, "The man may not marry any of his wife's kindred, nearer in blood than he may of his own: nor the woman of her husband's kindred, nearer in blood than of her own."

Chapter XXV - Of the Church 

8. Para. 6. Though we believe the Pope of Rome to be anti-Christian, we do not believe him necessarily to be the anti-Christ.


Chapter XXVII - Of the Sacraments 

9. Para. 4. We believe that the Lord's Supper should not be administered without the oversight of an elder, lawfully ordained.

Chapter XXVIII - Of Baptism 

10. Para. 3. We believe that the proper modes of baptism include sprinkling, pouring, and immersion.